The grapes for Monsoon Valley Wines are grown in 3 locations: Monsoon Valley Vineyard at Hua Hin, Tab Kwang Vineyard and Chiang Mai Vineyard. Hua Hin Hills, the largest of the three, spans over 700 Rai (about 110 Hectare) of uncultivated land which will never be used for farming purposes and serve as a retreat for the local wildlife. Only rain water is what is used to keep the grapevines growing. During the rain-season, water gets collected in several ponds to irrigate the plants during the dry-season.
Also known as Syrah, is a French variety which has its origin in the Rhone-Valley in France. The myth that the variety originated from Persia (Todays Fars Province in Iran whose capital is called Shiraz) could be proven wrong.
Shiraz grapes have small, dark-blue berries with a currant-flavor. The plants love sunny and dry climate which makes them suitable to produce high-quality fruit during Thailand’s dry-season. Depending on the region and the soil where the grapes are produced, Shiraz wines can develop a wide variety of flavors – this made the variety so popular that it has been elevated a group of ‘noble-vines’. Shiraz is mainly grown in France and Australia but also in California, Mexico, Argentina, South Africa and Italy – and it’s becoming more and more popular in tropical regions.
Colombard originates from the south-west of France and is one of the three varieties used to produce Armagnac.
Colombard wines are typically rich in flavors of tropical fruits such as mango, passionfruit and pineapple – makeing this variety a popular grape in Cuvees to add fruity notes. In Thailand however Colombard wines fit perfectly into the wide range of local fruits. Colombard grapes maintain a good acid-level during ripening, even in hot climates which keeps the wines lively and refreshing. Today Colombard gets grown in large amounts in France, California and South Africa but also in Spain, Australia and Israel, where smaller areas of Colombard can be found.
The origin of this variety is still a mystery but is most likely around 300 A.D. (850 B.E.) in the Loire Valley in France. Though it got its todays name Chenin Blanc more than 1,000 years later after being grown successfully near Mont Chenin.
Chenin Blanc can be considered the all-rounder under the grape-varieties. It is rich in sugars and acids and gets used for dry, as well as sweet and desert wines, usually for still wines and for different styles of sparklings. Depending on the region, soil, and wine-style, the wines can have a wide spectrum of flavors reaching from nuts and almonds to peaches, apricots and apples. These characteristics make it a very popular variety around the world. Today Chenin Blanc gets also grown in France, USA, South Africa, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay and Israel.
A very young variety which was bred in 1955 (2498 B.E.) by August Herold at the Grape-Breeding Institute in Weinsberg, Germany.
The popularity of Dornfelder rose quickly in Germany where it is today the second-most planted red grape variety. Depending on the style of the winemaking, the wines can be either fresh and fruity or structured with high tannins. Because of its young age, the variety did not gain much popularity outside of Germany yet but this might change as growers in the USA, Canada, Brazil and Japan have already discovered its potential.
Being one of the most popular varieties in Italy, two regions, the Toscana and the Emilia-Romagna, claim to be its origin.
Sangiovese is most famous for being the main variety in Chianti though it offers a wide range of flavors depending on the length of the wine-aging. While younger wines have mainly fruity and floral flavors, longer aged wines tend more to dark and earthy flavors. Italy still is the country with the most area of Sangiovese vines, with this variety being grown in most regions there. But the variety has also moved to France, Greece, Israel, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and Chile.